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      <Volume-Issue>Volume 2, Issue 3</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>Dec 2021-Jan 2022</Season>
      <ArticleType>Security Studies</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>Maritime Terrorism in the Indian Ocean Region</ArticleTitle>
      <Abstract>With the advent of growing influence of violent non-state actors coupled with the rise in political instability, there has been a rise in critical issues such as piracy, terrorism, drug trafficking, etc. in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Terrorist activities have now become multidimensional, with organisations acquiring air, water, cyber, and land attack capabilities and tactics. Traditionally, incapability and incapacity have largely hindered most terrorist groups from sea-based attack. The geographical location, maritime tradition of the state, unstable government, etc. are some of the factors that lead organisations to opt for sea-based attacks which in turn can have disastrous sequences ranging from disrupting the livelihoods of the seafarers to disrupting maritime supply chains which in turn, affects the global economy. The Indian Ocean Region has attracted much geopolitical and security interests in the twenty-first century, while also becoming a major focal point for a number of maritime security threats. The absence of a great power as well as the presence of several critical Sea Lanes of Communications (SLOCs) and choke points which the international economy firmly relies upon, have contributed to making the IOR as a breeding ground for major terror organisations. Maritime terrorism has emerged as one of the region__ampersandsign#39;s major and persistent challenges which has led the regional states as well as the international community to come forward with certain initiatives to combat the threats posed by it. This paper will explain the definition of maritime terrorism and throw light on why terrorists choose sea-based terrorism. This paper will also assess the maritime terror attacks and the terror organisations involved in the region. In addition, the paper aims to analyse the threat, vulnerability, and implications of maritime terrorism in the IOR. This paper also intends to examine the various counter-terrorism measures taken in the Indian Ocean Region.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Maritime Terrorism,Indian Ocean Region,Geopolitical Competition,Terror Organisation,Political Instability,Safe Havens,Piracy and Sea Lanes of Communication</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://ejsss.net.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=13500&amp;title=Maritime Terrorism in the Indian Ocean Region</Abstract>
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