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<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD v1.2d1 20170631//EN" "JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd">
      <Volume-Issue>Volume 3 Issue 2</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>August-September 2022</Season>
      <ArticleType>International Relations</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>India, China, and the South China Sea: Presence, Implications, and Possibilities</ArticleTitle>
          <FirstName>Neeraj Singh</FirstName>
      <Abstract>The Chinese presence in the South China Sea has been a long-standing issue involving many countries, particularly India. China is spreading its print to Southeast Asian countries, particularly Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Brunei, Philippines, and is now reaching out to the Solomon Islands in the Pacific. China has also conducted military surveillance in these areas and erected communications and logistics structures like ports, military stations, and airfields. These developments are a matter of concern for countries even outside the SCS littoral. India__ampersandsign#39;s trading interests with Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asian countries, and across the Pacific account for over 55 percent of its trade passing via SCS. China__ampersandsign#39;s expanding militarization, therefore, poses a substantial threat of interruption to India, particularly when relations deteriorate. In the light of these factors, this paper attempts to evaluate: a) what does Chinese presence in the South China Sea mean? b) what are the implications for India? c) How has India responded to these implicit challenges, and (d) What are the options for India to protect its national interests and trade in this scenario? Considering that geopolitical challenges need revamping of policy frameworks and institutionalized response, this paper will attempt to outline policy options for India, relying upon primary and secondary sources for its analysis.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>China, South China Sea, UNCLOS, Maritime, Littoral, Geo-politics, Foreign Policy, Military</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://ejsss.net.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=14123&amp;title=India, China, and the South China Sea: Presence, Implications, and Possibilities</Abstract>
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