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      <Volume-Issue>Volume 3 Issue 1</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>April-May 2022</Season>
      <ArticleType>Sustainability Studies</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>River Churni: Assessing Trans boundary River Pollution and Options for Livelihood Protection</ArticleTitle>
      <Abstract>Trans-boundary Rivers are one of the major causes of conflict among the riparian states. Mathabhanga Churni is one of such 54 shared rivers between India and Bangladesh flowing in the Ganga Brahmaputra river basin which is a major source of fresh water as well as livelihood support to the people of its riverbanks for various reasons. The water quality of Churni deteriorated due to industrial waste disposal by a company, located in Bangladesh, in the river Churni. Moreover, in Indian side there are open defecation in the river Churni along with industrial and municipal waste disposal which are responsible for degradation of water quality affecting the livelihood of the common people of the riverbank of both sides. Initiatives have been taken to revive the course of river and purify its water quality by the National Green Tribunal, local environmental activists, likeminded people and organizations through awareness programme and protest. The article argues that initiatives for revival of the river Churni were taken by local activists and Government agencies but there is an acute absence of trans-boundary attention from both sides.  While both  the countries are busy with the Teesta and the Ganga as a result diplomatic parleys,  government officials  seem to have ignored the issue of pollution in  the river  Churni  which can actually act  as a catalyst for  inculcating  trans-boundary water diplomacy. It finds that diplomatic or bilateral engagements, issues revolving around Centre-State relations also need to be addressed in order to prevent an ecological disaster on both sides of the boundary and also to sustain livelihoods.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Churni, trans-boundary river, India, Bangladesh, River Pollution, Livelihood, Fishermen</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://ejsss.net.in/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=13748&amp;title=River Churni: Assessing Trans boundary River Pollution and Options for Livelihood Protection</Abstract>
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