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Pages: 1-19

Security-Development Nexus: China's Policy Framework towards Africa

Bertha Z. Osei-Hwedie, Napoleon Kurantin

Category: International Relations

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The article analyzes China’s foreign policy approach in Africa in the post-Cold War era using the security-development nexus. China’s version of security-development nexus is labelled as economic peace as it is derived from the premise that economic deprivation causes insecurity. Its nexus is based on the domestic experience of promoting planned development to tackle poverty to foster peace and security. Such experience is what China seeks to export to the African continent. Therefore, the nexus in Africa is targeted at tackling development problems to ameliorate poverty, and domestic insecurity caused by a combination of poverty and institutional incapability. Economic problems and political instability threaten both human and state security in Africa, making the continent the poorest region and one of the most unstable region in the world. The nexus indicates that security and development are intricately intertwined. The nexus is articulated through the Forum on China Africa Cooperation. However, the rapid and increased involvement of China in Africa’s security and development, and increased violence against Chinese businesses and citizens, have generated heated debate between the pessimists and optimist about its role, while paying little attention to the position of Africa on the security-development nexus.

Keywords: Africa, China, security-development nexus, China African Policy, FOCAC, BRI.


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DOI: 10.47362/EJSSS.2020.1101

DOI URL: https://doi.org/10.47362/EJSSS.2020.1101